A Neuroscience Primer
There are several reasons why you may want to visit a neurologist. You might have a problem with your neurological system such as a stroke, a seizure or a brain tumor or cranial trauma. In Indiana, neurologists combine unparalleled experience with the latest technology. Neurology is a rapidly expanding field that focuses on understanding and treating disorders of the nervous system. Neuropathologists diagnose, treat and prevent disorders associated with the nervous system.
Studying neuroanatomy, physiology, cell and tissue biology, diagnosing and treating neurological disorders, and conducting clinical trials are some of the advanced technology and research that make up the field of neurology. There are many public health aspects of this rapidly expanding medical specialty. Indiana State has been instrumental in educating the public about neuroscience. The Neurology Foundation has helped fund many centers and fellowship programs in the state. These facilities provide training for Neurologists and other doctors in various areas of neurology and neuroscience.
Neuroimaging and neuropsychology research have both been important in helping to understand and treat neurological disorders. Brain imaging is a key tool in treating stroke and other brain injuries. Neuropsychologists use fMRI technology and EEG (electro-encephalographs) to examine the brains of patients with neurological disorders to discover how the brain functions during different activities.
neurology also studies the effects of stroke on the brain and spine. Stroke can cause severe and permanent disabilities that affect the patient’s ability to perform the most simple of tasks. neurology scientists and researchers have developed ways to help stroke victims regain the ability to move on their own. They have developed methods of stimulating the brain, restoring some movement to the injured brain and restoring cognitive function. The use of transceivers to deliver electrical signals to the brain and the development of physical therapies such as physical exercises and massage are part of the rehabilitation process.
Rehabilitation centers provide a variety of services to those who have experienced a stroke. Care varies depending on the severity of the stroke and the location of the stroke. Rehabilitation centers often include speech and language therapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy and cognitive therapy. Some rehabilitation centers focus just on strokes, but some offer a full range of services to help those with a wide range of disabilities recover their ability to live independently. A person who experiences a stroke may need rehabilitation not only to regain strength and function, but also to deal with any underlying psychological issues that were caused by the stroke.
Neurology is related to all parts of the brain and includes everything from the sensory organs to the brain’s motor nerves. Nervous disorders are the result of chemical imbalance in the brain; neurological disorders are caused by diseases or conditions that interfere with communication between the nervous system and other parts of the body. As a result, neurology research address many important areas of health including: headaches, seizures, depression, Parkinson’s disease, infertility, chronic pain, blindness, fragile X syndrome, head trauma, neck injuries, developmental disorders, Alzheimer’s disease and more.
The Global Initiative for Parkinson’s Education and Research (GIPR), founded by Parkinson’s Association International, has been a driving force behind the development of many medical facilities to provide comprehensive care for Parkinson’s patients. GIPR provides support for research aimed at discovering the causes of Parkinson’s disease and developing preventive and rehabilitative treatments for this debilitating disease. The Global Initiative also coordinates the participation of affected individuals, caregivers, and the public in research, education, and advocacy efforts. The organization is a driving force behind the World Parkinson’s Day. The organization coordinates a number of activities aimed at promoting early diagnosis and treatment of Parkinson’s disease and improving the quality of patient care.
Neurologists provide medical services to patients with neurological disorders, focusing on diagnosis, prevention, and treatments. Neurologists are involved in a variety of brain scans and studies, testing and investigating new technologies such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET). These technologies have revolutionized the way neurology is understood and used. In addition, neurologists monitor, diagnose and treat neurological disorders.